FAQs

Answers to our investors' frequently asked questions:

When was Bayer AG formed?

On August 1, 1863 businessman Friedrich Bayer and master dyer Johann Friedrich Weskott established a dyestuffs factory in Barmen, now a part of Wuppertal. Soon afterwards, in 1865, the two men purchased an interest in a coal tar dye factory in the United States and began exporting intermediates. In 1876 a dyestuffs factory was opened in Moscow. The descendants of Bayer and Weskott established the joint stock company Farbenfabriken vorm. Friedr. Bayer & Co. on July 1, 1881. The Flers plant in northern France started production in 1883. In 1884 the chemist Carl Duisberg began his career at Bayer. Under his management, Bayer scientists made pioneering discoveries. The Pharmaceutical Department was established in 1888. In 1891 the Leverkusen site was purchased. Bayer researcher Dr. Felix Hoffmann first synthesized acetylsalicylic acid in a chemically pure and stable form in 1897. Aspirin® was registered as a trademark in 1899 and became the world's favorite pain killer. In 1912 the company's headquarters were transferred to Leverkusen. Farbenfabriken vorm. Friedr. Bayer & Co. merged with other companies to form I.G. Farbenindustrie AG in 1925. Leverkusen became the main production center of the I.G.'s Lower Rhine operating consortium. Following the Second World War, the Allies seized and later broke up I.G. Farben. Bayer was re-established as Farbenfabriken Bayer AG in 1951 and changed its name to Bayer AG in 1972. The push for expansion as an international health care and chemicals group began.

In 2013 the Bayer Group is celebrating its 150th anniversary.

Comprehensive information about the company history

150 Years of Bayer

What are Bayer's main areas of activity?

Bayer is a global enterprise with core competencies in the fields of health care, nutrition and high-tech materials. Our products and services are designed to benefit people and improve their quality of life. At the same time we want to create value through innovation, growth and improved earning power.

Mission & Values

How many employees does Bayer have?

As of December 31, 2013 the number of employees in the Bayer Group was 113.200.

FTE*
Europe53,600
- there of Germany35,300
North America15,200
Asia / Pacific28,000
Latin America / Middle East / Africa16,400


2012 figures restated.
The number of employees on either permanent or fixed-term contracts is stated in full-time equivalents, with part-time employees included on a pro-rated basis in line with their contractual working hours.

What are the sales and earnings figures for the latest fiscal year?

For fiscal 2013 the Bayer Group reported net sales of € 40,157 million and a net income of € 3.189 million.

Additional key figures

On which accounting standards are the consolidated financial statements of the Bayer Group based?

The consolidated financial statements of the Bayer Group as of December 31, 2012, were prepared by Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (Bayer AG) according to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), London, and the interpretations of the IFRS Interpretations Committee, both as endorsed by the European Union and in effect at the end of the reporting period. The applicable further requirements of Section 315a of the German Commercial Code were also taken into account.

How is the fiscal year defined?

The fiscal year is the calendar year.

What is Bayer's position with respect to the Corporate Governance principles?

Bayer welcomes the Corporate Governance Code. We have a long-standing committment to these principles in the interest of value creation.

Declaration of Conformity 2013
Download ( PDF, 104 KB )collect

Additional information related to Corporate Governance

How can I order the current annual report / interim report?

All publications can be ordered or subscribed from our website Publications. After selecting the documents you need, you will be prompted to enter all information required for ordering.

Where and when was the Bayer stock first listed?

The Bayer stock was listed for the first time on October 2, 1953 on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.

Additional information regarding our stock listings

Stockholders with more than 3 percent of voting rights

Under the German Securities Trading Act (Wertpapierhandelsgesetz), holders of voting securities of a listed German company must notify that company of the level of their holding whenever it reaches, exceeds or falls below specified thresholds. These thresholds are 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 50 and 75 percent of the company’s outstanding voting securities.

Voting rights announcements

Does Bayer AG offer a stock option program to its employees?

To motivate and enhance their performance, Bayer allows its employees to benefit directly from the company's success. We offer three different programs for defined participant groups. Eligibility for the different programs varies with an employee’s position in the company, since people at higher levels of management are considered to have a greater direct influence on the company’s economic performance and thus on the performance of Bayer stock. Bayer therefore offers the stock program Aspire for members of the Board of Management, for other Group Executives (members of the “Group Leadership Circles”), and for other senior managers, and a Stock Participation Program for all other groups of employees.

More information about stock programs

Amount and date of the current dividend payout?

Information about the dividend for fiscal 2013

At its meeting on February 26, 2014, the Supervisory Board of Bayer AG accepted the proposal of the Board of Management to recommend to the Annual Stockholders’ Meeting on April 29, 2014 that a dividend of EUR 2.10 per share be paid for 2013 (2012: EUR 1.90). In this way, we intend our stockholders to appropriately participate in Bayer’s success. The significant increase in the dividend is also an expression of our confidence in the company’s future performance. With 826,947,808 shares entitled to the dividend, the total dividend payment would amount to EUR 1,737 million (2012: EUR 1,571 million).

Further information regarding dividends

When does the next Stockholders' Meeting take place?

The next Annual Stockholders’ Meeting will be held at 10.00 a.m. on Tuesday, April 29, 2014 at the Cologne Exhibition Center, North Entrance, Hall 7, Deutz-Mülheimer-Strasse 111, 50679 Cologne.

Information about the Stockholder's Meeting 2014

Where do I find out all about share market terms?

FAQ regarding transition to registered shares

Last updated: February 28, 2014 Copyright © Bayer AG